What kinds of things can be sent to that compost pile you’re excited to start?

To get the ball rolling, here are a dozen things that you can either safely divert from the landfill into your backyard composting efforts or send off to a communal pile elsewhere.

From the kitchen

n Fruit scraps (think apple cores, orange and banana peels, melon rinds and strawberry tops)

n Vegetable trimmings (such as avocado skins, pepper cores and stems, Brussels sprouts trimmings and eggplant peels)

n Tea bags (no nylon bags)

n Coffee grounds and filters

n Eggshells (but just the shells)

From the yard/ garden

n Leaves and pine needles (but mixed with other ingredients to avoid matting)

n Old potting soil

n Grass clippings (mixed with other ingredients so they don’t turn into a slimy compacted mat. Also note that grass clippings are a great natural fertilizer if left on the lawn.)

n Shredded newspaper, paper and cardboard (except for slick or glossy papers)

n Wood chips, sawdust and ash (from untreated wood only, such as cut trees)

n Houseplants, flowers and outside plant trimmings chipped or cut into 2- to 3-inch pieces

n Aged (left in the sun for about three weeks) manure and bedding from cows, horses, goats and chickens. Always inquire about the food and medication the animals receive before you use their manure, to keep things like steroids and antibiotics out of your compost. Rabbit manure has lower nitrogen but can also be used.

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