Homemade brews that clean house

In an age when practically anything can claim a spot on social media, the lowly kitchen spray is having its day — reimagined as a curated, crafty and oh-so-pretty countertop accessory.

Search Pinterest for a recipe for homemade cleaners and hundreds of suggestions pop up, with photographs of glass spray bottles surrounded by artful arrangements of lemons, rosemary and essential oils. Mason jars packed with orange peels and vinegar promise a fragrant and affordable way to clean the counter.

Those utilitarian plastic bottles that live beneath our sinks can hardly compete with these Instagram-worthy creations that rival the aesthetic appeal of a plate of freshly baked cookies.

“Why do I have to have a florescent green bottle on my counter? Why can’t it be pretty? Why can’t it be in a glass bottle?” said Becky Rapinchuk, the author of “Clean Mama’s Guide to a Healthy Home.” “If it’s cute, it might be a little bit more enjoyable.”

The interest in do-it-yourself cleaning formulas comes out of a growing anxiety that the products sold on supermarket shelves may contain harmful chemicals. Many may include volatile organic compounds, known to cause asthma, headaches, allergic reactions and potentially even cancer or organ damage.

When the Environmental Working Group, a nonprofit advocacy organization, reviewed more than 2,000 cleaning products, it found that more than half contained ingredients that irritate the lungs. Common organic pollutants are as much as five times higher indoors than outdoors, according to the Environmental Protection Agency.

Look to the label for clarity, and you’re unlikely to find much useful information because companies are not required to disclose their ingredients, and few products do. Products labeled “green” or “natural” may bend terms like “plant-based” to describe substances that have undergone extensive chemical manipulation before they reach your countertop, and may be no safer than their synthetic alternatives, according to Joe Schwarcz, the director of McGill University’s Office for Science and Society. “There is a lot of very questionable marketing there,” he said.

And so, suspicious of what’s sold in stores, people have turned to what’s in their pantries, drawn to the alluring possibility of cleaning up with ingredients safe enough to eat. Vinegar, for example, works as a disinfectant and breaks down unwanted residue like grease and soap scum; and baking soda deodorizes and is effective as a mild abrasive.

But not just anything works. Household cleaners are a $6 billion industry in the United States, with products that are produced and tested by scientists who know far more about chemistry than I do. Could a recipe on a Pinterest board really deliver anything on par with what experts working in a lab for a multinational corporation can make?

Some DIY recipes are questionable. Mix a base with an acid — like vinegar with baking soda — and you get a voluminous chemical reaction that looks exciting, but ultimately leaves you with salt water. Some cleaning agents, like borax, bleach and ammonia are potentially harmful. Combine a chemical like ammonia with bleach and you produce a noxious gas that could do serious damage to your lungs.

I do see the merits of escaping the cleaning aisle at Target — I don’t exactly experience joy buying floor cleaner. A few weeks ago, I bought a set of glass spray bottles and made a wood cleaner using vinegar, olive oil and essential oils. I demonstrated my little experiment to my mother, spraying the solution on my dining room table to show her the surprisingly decent results. “So you’re basically cleaning your table with salad dressing,” she said.

True enough. But vinegar is a disinfectant, and oil protects wood. So shouldn’t this recipe do the trick?

I asked Schwarcz, who told me that the go-to favorites among the DIY crowd — vinegar, baking soda and soap — can handle ordinary household grime. Unless you’re cleaning up after the flu or a stomach bug, you don’t need an army of powerful chemicals to get the job done. “You don’t have to use a jackhammer to kill an ant,” he said.

So my salad dressing concoction does actually clean my table. With its sleek glass bottle and cute handwritten label, it may even be worthy of a spot on my Instagram.

New York Times

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