Gov. Andrew Cuomo, right, speaks during a COVID-19 briefing in the state Capitol on Monday about the nationwide issue of speedy coronavirus vaccine delivery and administration. Courtesy of Gov. Andrew Cuomo’s office

ALBANY — State hospitals could be fined up to $100,000 for not administering the first dose of the COVID-19 vaccine to eligible New Yorkers quickly enough, Gov. Andrew Cuomo said Monday, as most New York medical facilities have distributed less than half of their state-allocated vaccine dosages.

The state’s 194 hospitals, including 24 public and 170 private institutions, have vaccinated New Yorkers at various rates.

Last week, New York received 259,000 more vaccine dosages, with 139,400 from Pfizer and about 119,000 of Moderna’s immunization, in addition to 636,200 doses the state had as of Christmas week.

Cuomo released a list of 20 hospitals Monday — 10 administering the vaccine the fastest, and the 10 slowest.

“I don’t mean to embarrass any hospital, but I want them to be held accountable,” Cuomo said Monday during a coronavirus briefing in the state Capitol. “We need them to administer the vaccines faster. ... It’s not just the function of size, it’s a function of administrative capacity. We want those vaccines in people’s arms. I need those public officials to step in and manage those systems.”

About 46% of statewide hospitals, or less than half, have used their allocated vaccine dosages as of Monday afternoon — three weeks after the state’s first administered injection.

State hospitals must administer their vaccine inventory this week, or face up to a $100,000 fine, according to a new directive from the state Department of Health.

Facilities must use all vaccine doses within one week of receipt going forward, otherwise, a provider could be disqualified from distributing future vaccines. DOH Commissioner Dr. Howard Zucker issued a letter to all eligible vaccine providers detailing the new requirements.

“We’ll use other hospitals who can administer it better,” Cuomo said. “This is a very serious public health issue. Zucker is very firm about making sure the hospitals step up. ... We have almost 200 hospitals. If one hospital isn’t performing, we can use the other hospitals.”

The lowest-performing hospital systems include Samaritan Hospital in Troy, Rensselaer County, at 15%. Oneonta’s A.O. Fox Hospital and Nassau University Medical Center are neck-and-neck at 18% and 19% administered vaccinations, respectively.

Nuvance Health in Kingston, Ulster County, has administered a quarter of its allocated vaccines, with 25% each at United Health Services Hospitals Inc. in Binghamton and Rochester Regional Health System.

New York City’s public Health + Hospitals system, which oversees 11 facilities, is closing in on administering one-third of allocated vaccines at 31%.

“The hospital doesn’t have to participate,” Cuomo said. “If they don’t want the pressure of doing it, I understand, fine, then say, ‘I don’t want to participate,’ and we’ll send it to another hospital in that area that can participate.”

Hospital vaccination speeds depend on a variety of factors, the governor said, including size, staffing and more.

“There is not just one cause,” said Cuomo, adding officials who oversee public health centers must step in and manage an effective vaccine rollout. “This is a management issue for the hospitals. They have to move the vaccine and they have to move the vaccine faster.”

Health care workers have generally accepted receiving a COVID-19 vaccine. About 10% of nursing home residents and 15% of staff have refused to be inoculated for the virus.

New York-Presbyterian Healthcare System and Oswego Hospital at SUNY Oswego have administered 99% of its allocated vaccine doses, with 93% at Richmond University Medical Center, 87% administered at Adirondack Medical Center in Lake Placid, 77% from Finger Lakes Health and between 62% and 68% at the university of Rochester Medical Center, Ellis Hospital based in Schenectady and downstate’s Northwell Health system.

“I think part of it is the sense of urgency,” Zucker said Monday. “Hospitals sitting at 99% — there’s a sense of urgency to move things forward.”

More than 300,000 New Yorkers have received their first injection of Pfizer’s or Moderna’s approved COVID-19 vaccine since the immunization first became available to high-risk health care workers three weeks ago. The state distributed tens of thousands of doses to hospitals in each region based on the area’s number of high-risk health workers and population.

The state will set up temporary drive-thru vaccine sites at convention centers and field hospitals to administer COVID-19 vaccinations to the public in minority and low-income communities. Additional, retired medical personnel, such as nurses, doctors and pharmacists, will work at the facilities when more vaccines become available for the general public in the coming months.

The state follows federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines to determine which New Yorkers are able to get vaccinated first. The prioritization was expanded Monday to include all doctors, nurses and health staff who come in contact with the public.

Eligibility was expanded last week to include federally qualified health center workers, EMTs, coroners, medical examiners, funeral home workers and congregate care workers and residents, including in rehab facilities.

The state has 2.1 million high-risk doctors, nurses, pharmacists and medical personnel who directly work with the public or come into direct contact with virus patients.

The state’s COVID-19 infection rate without microcluster zones was 7.78% on Monday — slightly down from more than 8% positive for most of last week, Cuomo said Monday — his first briefing of 2021.

New virus cases continue to climb in the Finger Lakes and Mohawk Valley regions at a seven-day average of 10.22 and 10.38%, respectively, up from more than 8% last week. New infections have spiked to 9.91% in the Capital Region and 9.02% in the north country, with 8.43% positive in Western New York.

Each upstate region reports higher COVID cases, hospitalizations and deaths per capita than New York City — the state’s original epicenter of the initial virus outbreak last spring — at 6.24% positive. Long Island’s infection rate reached 9.31% on Monday.

The positivity rate hails from 134,360 diagnostic COVID tests conducted in the state Sunday. Daily testing levels have decreased with the holiday season, which officials say drove New York’s average virus positivity rate higher with the smaller-than-average sample size.

The state reported 170 New Yorkers died from COVID-19 complications Sunday — an elevated daily death rate the state has evaded since last spring.

“That is a terrible way to start the new year,” Cuomo said of the elevated daily virus fatalities.

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